Patient Education

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) - Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of all or part of your digestive tract. Classic IBD includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Both can cause mild symptoms in many, but may also cause severe diarrhea, pain, bleeding, fatigue and weight loss in others. IBD can sometimes become debilitating and may lead to life-threatening complications.

Ulcerative colitis causes long-lasting inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. Crohn’s disease causes inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract and can involve different areas of the digestive tract — the large intestine, small intestine or both. In Crohn’s disease, inflammation often spreads deeper into affected tissues.

Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis also are considered inflammatory bowel diseases but are usually regarded separately from classic inflammatory bowel disease. These diseases must be considered lifelong diseases, even though remissions sometimes last many years or relapses sometimes never occur.

IBD is diagnosed with a combination of colonoscopy, blood tests, stool tests, and sometimes MRI/CT imaging. The treatment usually includes medication therapy or in other cases, surgery. IBD patients need regular follow up to monitor their symptoms and often require routine laboratory testing. Our practice provides in-office infusions for IBD patients receiving biologic infusion therapy, in a comfortable and personal setting.

Resources for IBD patients: